(鍔ギャラリー⑫) Tsuba Gallery #12

Saga Kaneie Tsuba (佐賀金家鐔)
Saga Kaneie Tsuba (佐賀金家鐔)

Omote (表)
Omote (表)

Box View
Box View

Saga Kaneie Tsuba (佐賀金家鐔)
Saga Kaneie Tsuba (佐賀金家鐔)

1/5
Saga Kaneie Tsuba (佐賀金家鐔)

Japanese Title: ??

Material: Iron (tetsu 鉄)

Age: Late Edo Period (江戸時代後期)

Size: 5.4 cm X 6.4 cm, 3 mm at rim.

Signature: Kaneie Yamashiro Kuni Fushimi Jū (金家山城國伏見住)

Shape: Mokkō-gata (木瓜形)

Surface Finish: Tsuchime-ji (槌目地)

Attachment: NoneThis is a small handguard (tsuba 鐔) made for a dagger (tantō 短刀). It is made of forged iron (tetsu 鉄). The main design is of cranes along a riverbank with tall mountains in the background. It is done in high relief (takabori 高彫) done using a dug away carving style (sukidashibori 鋤出彫) applied to the iron. The design of the riverbank is counited on the reverse side of the tsuba accented with gold and silver inlays. The style of raised rim with worked off edges (sukinokoshi-mimi 鋤残耳) were poplar during the late Edo Period. The surface of the tsuba has a nice, hammered texture (tsuchime-ji 槌目地). 
Yoshimasa (良昌) was the first generation of the Tetsujin (鉄人) School who move to Saga of Hizen Province from the capital Edo. The school originated in Fushimi near Momoyama Castle at the old cultural capital of Kyōto but had no direct connection to the famous Meijin Shodai Kanie who worked a generation earlier at that location. Later generations of the Tetsujin School working during the late Edo Period and either used no signature or used a false signature (gimei 偽銘) of the famous Meijin Shodai Kanie.


Provenance:  Charlie Foos Collection

Ko-Katchūshi Tsuba (古甲冑師鐔)
Ko-Katchūshi Tsuba (古甲冑師鐔)

Omote (表)
Omote (表)

Box View
Box View

Ko-Katchūshi Tsuba (古甲冑師鐔)
Ko-Katchūshi Tsuba (古甲冑師鐔)

1/5
Ko-Katchūshi Tsuba (古甲冑師鐔)

Japanese Title: ??

Material: Iron (tetsu 鉄)

Age: Early to Mid Muromachi Period (室磨時代初期~中期)

Size: 7.3 cm X 7.5 cm, 3.0 mm at rim, 2.0 mm at seppa-dai.

Signature: Mumei (無銘)

Shape: Mokkō-gata (木瓜形)  

Surface: Tsuchime-ji 槌目地)     

Attachment: None

 

This is handguard (tsuba 鐔) made of forged iron (tetsu 鉄). It was made to be mounted on an early one-handed sword (uchigatana 打刀). Some of the original black lacquer (kuro-urushi 黒漆) used to prevent rust on the battlefield is still present in some places on the surface of the tsuba. On the surface of the plate is decorated with a wonderful, hammered texture (tsuchime-ji 槌目地) and on both sides by a specialized starburst shaped chisel.  The thicker squared rim (kaku-mimi 角耳) of the tsuba was once adorned by rim cover (fukurin 覆輪) that has since been lost. This is indicated by to notch cut into the rim at the bottom of the tsuba. There is a sword cut mark on the backside of the tsuba that might have facilitated the loss of the rim cover a long time ago.


Provenance: Kunio Izuka Collection via Bonham's Auction

Jakushi Tsuba (若芝鐔)
Jakushi Tsuba (若芝鐔)

Omote (表)
Omote (表)

Box View
Box View

Jakushi Tsuba (若芝鐔)
Jakushi Tsuba (若芝鐔)

1/5
Jakushi Tsuba (若芝鐔)

Japanese Title:

Material: Iron (tetsu 鉄)

Age: End of the Edo Period (江戸時代末期)

Size: 6.7 cm X 7.4 cm, 3.0 mm at rim.

Signature: Omote: Kiyō-sanjin Jakushi (崎陽山人 若芝)
                   Ura: Ryū unken Koretaka + kaō (龍雲軒 是高「花押」)   

Shape: Maru-gata (丸形)

Surface Finish: Yakite-kusarakashi (焼手腐らかし)    

Attachment: None

 

A forged iron (tetsu 鉄) handguard (鐔). It was likely made for use on a long sword (katana 刀). The design is that of a dragon among fire and clouds of smoke. The dragon’s eyes, clouds of smoke, and flames of fire is colored (iroe 色絵) vividly with gold fabric inlays (kin nunome-zōgan 金布目象嵌) that contrast nicely with dark patina of the heat treated corroded (kusarakashi 腐らかし) surface. Interesting enough the dragon that is pictured on the tsuba is female as indicated by the shape of end of the tail. The plate of the tsuba has a uniform thickness from the middle (seppa-dai 切羽台) towards the rim (mimi 耳). The rim is a rounded square (kaku-mimi koinku 角耳小肉) in shape.

The front of the tsuba is signed by the artist: Kiyō-sanjin Jakushi (崎陽山人 若芝). On the reverse side design continues. It is signed by a second artist: Ryū unken Koretaka + kaō (龍雲軒 是高「花押」). Based upon demographic information I can find in the reference The Index of Japanese Sword Fittings and Associated Artists by Robert E. Haynes the two artists are recorded. The first artist who signed the front (omote 表) is Haynes Index entry number H11981.0. He is recorded as being a artist of Jakushi School who made tsuba and kozuka in the city of Nagasaki (長崎) located in Province of Hizen (肥前國). The recorded date of this death is 1857 CE. The artist signing the reverse (ura 裏) is Haynes Index entry number H03485.0. This artist has a dated piece 1851 CE, and his recorded date of death is September 12, 1878, CE. With this information I can estimate this tsuba being made sometime in the early 1850s before the first artist death in 1857 CE.             
          
Provenance: Unknown USA Collector at the 2021 Chicago Show